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Opportunities in decarbonizing industry in Kazakhstan for Finnish companies

Environmental challenges

Kazakhstan is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide in Central Asia and the 14th in the world. Greenhouse gas emissions grew by more than 60% between 2001 and 2019. The country’s sizable manufacturing industries, such as steel and aluminum, are among the most energy- and carbon-intensive in Europe and Central Asia.

The power sector in Kazakhstan is one of the main sources of atmospheric pollution. The current situation is characterized by the significant wear of generating and network assets, the dominating position of coal generation and the absence of reserve capacities required for covering peak loads. The power sector is responsible for over 80% of the country’s carbon emissions due to Kazakhstan’s near-complete dependence on fossil fuels, particularly coal for heating and power, and oil and gas for export revenues. 90% of electricity is currently generated from coal and gas.

Environmental strategy and legislation

The new Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan was adopted on 2.1.2021. According to the new code, it is expected that 50 largest oil and gas, mining and metallurgical, chemical, and electric power companies will replace their old technologies with the best available technologies (BATs) by 2025. The BAT principles should be gradually introduced in 10 years.

The Strategy on Achieving Carbon Neutrality by 2060 was approved by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 2.2.2023. Kazakhstan’s commitment to carbon neutrality by 2060 and to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 15% by 2030 requires fundamental change to how the economy operates and what drives its growth. Decarbonizing the energy system is a key to achieving the 2060 net-zero goals. Achieving the targets will be impossible without decarbonizing manufacturing, which accounts for 13.6% of direct emissions.

EBRD will finance a $200 million project on Carbon Capture and Storage technology deployment at Kazakh industrial enterprises. The Bank will support the development of a decarbonized and climate-resilient energy system. The EBRD will finance and advise companies on decarbonization and will support green municipal and transport infrastructure projects.

Seize the opportunity

ESG and decarbonization becomes important in companies’ policy – especially visible in case of larger players. As a result, the industry will represent a big demand for technologies reducing and optimizing the energy they consume and decarbonize. ​ Finnish companies can provide solutions related to decarbonization, such as solutions in energy and material efficiency. The list of the main polluters can be sent by EastCham Finland to the interested companies.

Target sectors

  • power sector / electric power companies
  • oil and gas companies
  • mining and metallurgical companies
  • chemical industry

Solutions or products needed

  • carbon capture, storage, and utilization technologies
  • solutions for determination and automatic monitoring of emission levels and carbon footprint
  • process monitoring and control solutions
  • materials and energy efficient technologies, machinery, and automation, digital solutions
  • renewable energy projects

TF activities available for Finnish Companies

Team Finland network can support Finnish companies in the activities in Kazakhstan:

If you are interested in this opportunity, please contact Altyn Shakirkhanova, Senior Business Advisor / Head of EastCham Branch in Kazakhstan [email protected].

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